Annemarie van Rossum is vice chair of the department of Pediatrics, and associate professor of Pediatric Infectious Diseases and Immunology at the Sophia Children’s Hospital of the Erasmus University Medical Center in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. She obtained her MD and PhD (cum laude) at the Erasmus University Rotterdam (Prof. R. de Groot).
She is the recipient of several awards. During her residency in Paediatrics at the Erasmus Medical Center, she did a research fellowship at the Weiser laboratory of the department of Microbiology (Prof. J.N. Weiser) of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA. From 2009 - 2011 she was trained in Paediatric Infectious Diseases and Immunology in Rotterdam. She received several Fellowship awards to combine her clinical fellowship with starting up a translational researchline on respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae. This research focuses on bacterial and host determinants for infection by M. pneumoniae, currently aiming at an innovative diagnostic tool that differentiates colonization from respiratory tract infection, and at elucidation of the role of M. pneumoniae in neurological diseases. She is co-founder of Training Upcoming Leaders in Pediatric Science ( an educational program that stimulates young clinician-scientists to perform high-quality research with impact on child health. She is co-principal investigator of the international multicenter intervention trial on early onset neonatal sepsis (, member of the committee for scientific affairs and awards of the European Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases (ESPID), member of the educational committee of the annual certificate course of the Eureka Translational Medicine network (, member of the organizing committee of the ESPID-Oxford course Hot topics in infection and Immunity in children, University of Oxford, and examination assessor for the University of Oxford postgraduate MSc program Pediatric Infectious Diseases.